Some / Any Rules
Here are the rules for the use of ‘some’ and ‘any’ in positive and negative sentences, as well as in questions. Notice that ‘some’ and ‘any’ are used for both countable and uncountable (non count) nouns. Once you have studied the rules, take the follow up quiz to check your understanding.
Use ‘some’ in positive sentences. We use ‘some’ with both countable and uncountable nouns.
I have some friends.
She wants some ice cream.
Use ‘any’ in negative sentences or questions. We use any for both countable and uncountable nouns.
Do you have any cheese?
Did you eat any grapes after dinner?
He doesn’t have any friends in Chicago.
I don’t wont any trouble.
We use ‘some’ in questions when offering or requesting something that is there.
Would you like some bread? (offer)
Could I have some water? (request)
Words with Some
Words such as ‘somebody’, ‘something’, ‘somewhere’ which include ‘some’ follow the same rules. Use ‘some’ words – somebody, someone, somewhere and something – in positive sentences.
He lives somewhere near here.
He needs something to eat.
Peter wants to speak to someone at the store.
Words with Any
Words with ‘any’ such as: ‘anybody’, ‘anyone’, ‘anywhere’ and ‘anything’ follow the same rule and are used in negative sentences or questions.
Do you know anything about that boy?
Have you spoken to anyone about the problem?
She doesn’t have anywhere to go.
They didn’t say anything to me.