Part 1: Lend or borrow?
Lend means to give something to someone for a short time, expecting that you will get it back. The past simple and the -ed form are lent:
I never lend my CDs to anyone.
I lent Gary £30. (I expect that Gary will return this to me)
Borrow is a regular verb meaning to receive something from someone, intending to give it back after a short time:
Could I borrow your pen for a minute, please?
Laura used to borrow money from me all the time.
When you give something, you lend it; when you get or receive something, you borrow it:
Can I borrow your dictionary? Not:
Can I lend your dictionary?
Complete each of the sentences below with the correct form of either lend or borrow, as specified.
ex: It was so loud in there that I couldn’t hear (lend/borrow) a thing.
1. He wanted to (lend/borrow) five dollars.
2. I couldn’t (lend/borrow) him the money.
3. Banks (lend/borrow) money to their clients all the time.
4. You should never (lend/borrow) more than you can pay back.
5. I (lent/borrowed) these books from the library.
6. He doesn’t like (lending/borrowing) money to anyone.
7. Would you like me to (lend/borrow) you my jacket?
8. A good way to lose a friend is to (lend/borrow) him money.
9. You can (lend/borrow) my old phone for a couple of weeks.
10. Who did you (lend/borrow) the money from?
(answers on the 9 September)