Brexit Part 2
Steps taken in 2017
Article 50 of the Treaty on European Union (TEU) sets out the conditions for an exit from a Member State of the European Union . The State that decides to withdraw shall notify its intention to the European Council. The Union then negotiates with that State an agreement laying down the modalities for its withdrawal, which the Council then concludes by qualified majority, after approval by the European Parliament.
On 29 March 2017, the representative of the United Kingdom to the European Union delivered the letter announcing the launch of Article 50 to Donald Tusk, President of the European Council. This is the starting point of the negotiating process leading to the country’s exit from the EU.
On 31 March 2017, the EU presentS the main lines of their approach: the EU declares itself open to rapid negotiations on the future partnership with the United Kingdom, but only once that ” sufficient progress ” has been made on the amount that the country will have to pay to the European budget before leaving, on the status of European citizens settled in the United Kingdom, and on the status of the border with Ireland .
On June 8, 2017, Theresa May is reappointed after the relative victory of the Conservative Party in early elections . The latter, however, joined forces with the Irish Unionist Party (DUP) to maintain its absolute majority, which weakens the government’s position in the Brexit negotiations, particularly on the Irish question.
The formal negotiations between London and the European Union began on 19 June in Brussels. They must end two years later, on March 29, 2019, as provided for in the treaties.
In Part 3, in a few days time, we will be looking at the steps taken in 2018.
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