Degrees of Comparison
Adjectives come in three forms:
absolute, comparative, and superlative.
1. Absolute (or positive) adjectives
These describe something and make no comparison
A cool guy
A messy desk
A mischievous cat
2. Comparative adjectives
These unsurprisingly, make a comparison between two or more things. For most one-syllable adjectives, the comparative is formed by adding the suffix -er (or just -r if the adjective already ends with an e). For two-syllable adjectives ending in -y, replace -y with -ier. For multi-syllable adjectives, add the word more.
A cooler guy
A messier desk
A more mischievous cat
These adjectives indicate that something has the highest degree of the quality in question. One-syllable adjectives become superlatives by adding the suffix -est (or just -st for adjectives that already end in e). Two-syllable adjectives ending in -yreplace -y with -iest. Multi-syllable adjectives add the word most. When you use an article with a superlative adjective, it will almost always be the definite article (the) rather than a or an. Using a superlative inherently indicates that you are talking about a specific item or items.
The coolest guy
The messiest desk
The most mischievous cat
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