ESL – Adjectives Part 2 – Degrees of Comparison

 

7 May

Degrees of Comparison

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Adjectives come in three forms:
absolute, comparative, and superlative.

1. Absolute (or positive) adjectives

These describe something and make no comparison
cool guy
messy desk
mischievous cat

2. Comparative adjectives

These unsurprisingly, make a comparison between two or more things. For most one-syllable adjectives, the comparative is formed by adding the suffix -er (or just -r if the adjective already ends with an e). For two-syllable adjectives ending in -y, replace -y with -ier. For multi-syllable adjectives, add the word more.
cooler guy
messier desk
more mischievous cat

3. Superlative

These adjectives indicate that something has the highest degree of the quality in question. One-syllable adjectives become superlatives by adding the suffix -est (or just -st for adjectives that already end in e). Two-syllable adjectives ending in -yreplace -y with -iest. Multi-syllable adjectives add the word most. When you use an article with a superlative adjective, it will almost always be the definite article (the) rather than a or an. Using a superlative inherently indicates that you are talking about a specific item or items.
The coolest guy
The messiest desk
The most mischievous cat

Thank you for reading my blog

Gordon

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